Other sources talking about a catchmant of 21,000 square kilometres (8,100 sq mi) to 44,000 square kilometres (17,000 sq mi) over all, and a discharge of 21.6 cubic metres per second (760 cu ft/s) in average over the year, and 870 cubic metres per second (31,000 cu ft/s) in peaks. To this day, the Omo Valley remains rich in traditional culture and human history. Below Mogadishu, the river becomes seasonal. The Omo River tumbles its 350 -kilometer way through a steep inaccessible valley before slowing its pace as it nears the lowlands and then meanders through flat, semi-desert bush eventually running into Lake Turkana. The Omo River tumbles its 350 -kilometer way through a steep inaccessible valley before slowing its pace as it nears the lowlands and then meanders through flat, semi-desert bush eventually running into Lake Turkana. The river forms the basis for living for all tribes in the Omo Valley. The river basin of the Omo Valley is very fertile, even a small patch of land can contain a lot of crops, and many indigenous people from different cultural backgrounds live there together. The valley is mostly a dry savanna expanse fed … Species: Homo sapiens. Its course is entirely contained within the boundaries of Ethiopia, and empties into a chain of interconnected lakes that begin with Lake Gargori and end with Lake Abbe on the border with Djibouti, some 100 kilometers (60 or 70 miles) from the head of the Gulf of Tadjoura. photo not available. The fertile strips on the banks of the Omo River is where the Karo grows its crops of beans, sorghum and maize with the diet supplemented by fishing. Discovered by: A team led by Richard Leakey. The Omo Valley is one of the poorest regions in Africa. Age: About 195,000 years old. Several countries in the world have no rivers. Star Wars Nursery Star Wars Room Newborn Pictures Baby Pictures Star Wars Baby Crochet Bebe Jolie Photo Baby Time Baby Boy Nurseries. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Other affluents of this lake include, in clockwise order from Gorgora, the Magech, the Northern Gumara, the Reb, the Southern Gumara and the Kilte. One of the most recognisable and interesting of these tribes is the Mursi, a pastoral and nomadic community occupying land between the Mago and Omo rivers. The lack of colour introduces an authentic perspective, where the use of light adds mood and intensity. The river is also known as the Setit in Eritrea, western Ethiopia, and eastern Sudan. The Mareb is dry for much of the year, but like the Takazze is subject to sudden floods during the rainy season; only the left bank of the upper course of the Mareb is in Ethiopian territory. The Baro-Pibor confluence marks the beginning of the Sobat River, a tributary of the White Nile. The Gilgel Gibe III project has generated controversy, as critics have argued that it will have a significant detrimental impact on the communities and environment downstream of the dam. The river passes varied scenery, including an open gallery forest of tamarinds and figs, alive with colobus monkeys. The Omo River and its fertile lands, now cut off by the Gibbé3 dam, and siphoned off to irrigate the new giant farms owned by foreign companies. They are known with the chalk paint facemask and paintings, and the women’s scarifying of the chest. The Omo River (also called Omo-Bottego) in southern Ethiopia is the largest Ethiopian river outside the Nile Basin. The Omo River starts as a trickle, as all great rivers do, in the hill country south of Addis Ababa. The most important ceremony in the life of a Karo is the “ Pilla ”, or jumping over a group of oxen. Many of the tribes depend on the annual flood cycle of the Omo River to sustain their crops. The river is the principal stream of an endorheic drainage basin, the Turkana Basin. Cattle and goats are also a factor of daily life. Located on the river is the Gilgel Gibe II hydroelectric station, which was inaugurated in 2010. The Tigris River runs through which three countries? Its main tributaries are the Obel River on the right bank (in Eritrea) and the Sarana, Balasa, Mai Shawesh, and 'Engweya Rivers on the left (in Ethiopia). The social and environmental impacts of the dam are expected to be severe. Its chief importance is defining part of the boundary between Eritrea and Ethiopia. It rises in the Ethiopian Plateau and flows southward for about 400 miles (644 km) into the northern end of Lake Rudolf; it is the lake’s only perennial affluent. For part of its course it forms a section the westernmost border of Ethiopia and Eritrea. Its course is entirely contained within the boundaries of Ethiopia, and it empties into Lake Turkana on the border with Kenya. Located on the west bank of the Omo River, the park covers approximately 4,068 square kilometers, about … It is estimated that 54.4 billion m3 of surface runoff and 2.6 billion m3 of groundwater can be developed for utilization. The river then loops across northwest Ethiopia through a series of deep valleys and canyons into Sudan, by which point it is only known as the Blue Nile. The 200000 inhabitants of the southern tribes are considered «behind the times » by Addis. Its headwaters rise south-west of Asmara in central Eritrea. The crossing of the Omo river, although need to have time to do that) to the west enables one to see their small hat villages well. The Karo tribe residing along the borders of the Lower Omo River incorporates rich cultural symbolism into their rituals by using ornate body art, intricate headdresses, and significance within their community. Thence the Awash flows south to loop around Mount Zuqualla in an easterly then northeasterly direction, passing the Awash National Park, and joined on its left bank by its chief affluent, the Germama (or Kasam) River, before turning completely east to reach lake Gargori. The Dasenech or the Geleba live near the Kenya and Sudan border, about 25,000 in number. After entering northeastern Sudan, the Tekeze joins the Atbarah River, the lower course of which is a tributary of the Nile. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/place/Omo-River, International Rivers - Omo River, Lake Turkana at Risk from Dams and Plantatio. The Shebelle River, also known as Webi Shabeelle river, begins in the highlands of Ethiopia, and then flows southeast into Somalia towards Mogadishu. The Omo River in southern Ethiopia is the largest Ethiopian river outside the Nile Basin. The Tsemai, the dominant people of Weito village on the Konso-Jinka road, are regarded to be among the least known ethnic groups of Ethiopia. Goliath herons, blue breasted kingfishers, white-cheeked turacos, emerald-spotted wood doves and red-fronted bee-eaters are all rewarding sights while monitor lizards may glimpse scuttling into the undergrowth. Site: Omo River, Ethiopia. The hotel options where perfect and surprisingly good standards. Within 30 kilometres (19 mi) of its source at Lake Tana, the river enters a canyon about 400 kilometres (250 mi) long. The only navigable river in Ethiopia. The Omo National Park is located on the west bank of the River Omo and running next to the border with the Sudan.. This skull is one of the oldest known Homo sapiens braincases. by. There are eight tribes in the Omo Valley. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Corrections? According to materials published by the Ethiopian Central Statistical Agency, the Tekezé River is 608 kilometers (378 mi) long. The station, which draws water discharged from the Gilgel Gibe dam on the Gilgel Gibe River, has the capacity to produce more than 400 megawatts of electricity. The dam blocks the south western part of the Omo River which runs for 760 kms from the highlands of Ethiopia to Lake Turkana in Kenya. OMO NATIONAL PARK. Beyond the forest, hippos graze on the savannah slopes against the mountain walls, and waterbuck, bushbuck and Abyssinian ground hornbills are sometimes to be seen. The river’s source lies at 2,400 metres in altitude and runs for 700 kilometres until il reaches the Turkana, the largest desert lake in the world, at 100 metres above sea level, which marks the passage into Kenya. During most years, the river dries up near the mouth of the Jubba River, while in seasons of heavy rainfall, the river actually reaches the Jubba and thus the Indian Ocean. Omo is one of several sites found within the ancient rock formation called Kibish, itself along the Lower Omo River at the base of the Nkalabong Range in southern Ethiopia. The power of the Blue Nile may best be appreciated at Tis Issat Falls, which are 45 metres (148 ft) high, located about 40 kilometres (25 mi) downstream of Lake Tana. Facing Uncertainty: Photographic portraits from Kenya. The Omo River basin is one of the UNESCO world heritage sites due to fossil and tool finds that date more than 2.4 million years! to comply with all of the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. On which English river do these famous bridges sit? Its course is entirely contained within the boundaries of Ethiopia, and it empties into Lake Turkana on the border with Kenya. The river forms the basis for living for all tribes in the Omo Valley. The Ethiopian Ministry of Water Resources reports its Ethiopian catchment area as 5,700 square kilometres (2,200 sq mi), with an annual runoff of 0.26 billion cubic meters. The Blue Nile flows generally south from Lake Tana and then west across Ethiopia and northwest into Sudan. The Omo Valley in Ethiopia is one of Africa’s most fascinating regions of cultural diversity, with nearly two-dozen tribes sharing borders in a spectacular but often inhospitable environment. The distance from its source to its confluence is variously reported as 1,460 and 1,600 kilometres (907 and 1,000 miles). The Awash rises south of Mount Warqe, west of Addis Ababa in the woreda of Dandi, close to the town of Ginchi, Mirab (West) Shewa Zone, Oromia. Mursi. An additional hydroelectric project, the Gilgel Gibe III, was under construction at the time of the inauguration. Photos of the Omo River Valley tribes from Sebastião Salgado's forthcoming book Genesis. In 2006 work began on the Gibe III dam. the Mereb River is 440 kilometres (270 mi) long. This skull is one of the oldest known Homo sapiens braincases. Wikipedia Although an airstrip was recently built near the park headquarters on the Mui River, this park is not easily reachable The Omo River runs through the valley and empties into Lake Turkana. Like most tribes in the area they are – as they claim – surrounded only by enemies: to the south are the aggressive Turkana, to the north the Surma, and to the east across the river the Dassanech. However, apart from the big rivers and major tributaries, there is hardly any perennial flow in areas below 1,500 m. While the country’s annual renewable freshwater potential is 122 billion m3, only 3 percent of this amount remains in the country. An Intimate Look at the Tribes of Ethiopia's Omo River Valley. For best viewing experience on this website, please use Chrome browser. The river basin of the Omo Valley is very fertile, even a small patch of land can contain a lot of crops, and many indigenous people from different cultural backgrounds live there together. Wikipedia The Omo National Park - one of the Ethiopia's largest and richest nature sanctuary and yet one of the least visited areas in East and Central Africa. The Omo River crossing was lovely, especially because we paired it with a community visit (please do it - it was one of our favorite experiences) - ask for Kali he is superb!!! Here the Omo flows through the Mago and Omo National Parks, home to several tribes. The Nyangatom live on the west bank of the lower Omo River. Omo Kibish is the name of an archaeological site in Ethiopia, where was found the earliest examples of our own hominin species, about 195,000 years old. The lower part of the Omo Valley was in 1980 listed on the UNESCO World Heritage Site. Since 1973, the river has proved a major attraction for white-water rafters. The annual flooding of the Omo River feeds the rich biodiversity of the region and guarantees the food security of the tribes especially as rainfall is low and erratic. The names of its main tributaries in Ethiopia from its source are: on the right bank Tahali, Meri, Tellare, Sullo, Arekwa, Gheoa, Wari, Firafira, Tocoro and Gumalo Rivers; on the left bank Nili, Balagas, Saha, Bembea, Ataba, Zarima, and Kwalema Rivers. This gorge is a tremendous obstacle for travel and communication from the north half of Ethiopia to the southern half. The layers of ash—easily dated by the potassium-argon method—reveal that the area, now an arid wasteland, was once a fertile region with several rivers and lush forests. The Gibe III will be the largest hydroelectric plant in Africa. The top experience however was the Bulljumping ceremony. The Awash River is a major river of Ethiopia. Estimated to be a total of some 5000 people, their territory extends along the western bank of the Weito River, known in Tsemai as the Dulaika River. The Baro and its tributaries drain a watershed 41,400 km2 (16,000 sq mi) in size. photo not available. The Blue Nile from Ethiopia originating form Lake Tana and the White Nile that originated form Lake Victoria merge into the Great Nile River at Khartoum, the Sudan capital to form the longest river of the world draining to the Mediterranean Sea.The Blue Nile Falls is one of the most popular tourist destination sites along the historic route. It rises in the Ethiopian Plateau and flows southward for about 400 miles (644 km) into the northern end of Lake Rudolf; it is the lake’s only perennial affluent. The remaining two, Benna and Arebore, live on a mountainside away from the Omo River and are less commonly visited. Species: Homo sapiens. The Omo River region is rich in fossils because the area was once highly volcanic. The Omo River in southern Ethiopia is the largest Ethiopian river outside the Nile Basin. The top experience however was the Bulljumping ceremony. Lake Tana, for example, in the north is the source of the Blue Nile. It is little-known and rarely visited, usually by trekkers. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Currently less than 5 percent of surface water potential is used for consumptive purposes. The river’s source lies at 2,400 metres in altitude and runs for 700 kilometres until il reaches the Turkana, the largest desert lake in the world, at 100 metres above sea level, which marks the passage into Kenya. The Baro river is created by the confluence of the Birbir and Gebba Rivers, east of Metu in the Illubabor Zone of the Oromia Region. It drains into wetlands on the northern edge of Lake Turkana. We use cookies to properly format the display and to ensure you get the best experience on our website. Some interesting facts about the Nyangatom tribe The Nyangatom tribe is usually not really likable at the first glance by anyone. This varies from tribe to tribe and can be a little intimidating for inexperienced travellers. 90,000 people live along the banks of the Omo River and depend on its natural cycle of seasonal floods to fertilise the soil. Under the canopy along the riverbanks may be seen many colorful birds. The Karo are about 1000 in number and live on the east side of the Omo River. The river is the principal stream … A black & white photographic journey of the Omo Valley tribespeople. Ethiopia has nine major rivers and twelve big lakes. Omo I. Exhibit Item. Copyright © 2020 EthioVisit.com. Blue Nile makes about 80% by volume of the Great Nile River. The hotel options where perfect and surprisingly good standards. Facts on the Omo valley tribes: The eight tribes in Omo valley -- Hamer, Bana, Mursi, Suri, Kara, Dassanech, Arbore and Nyangatom -- have a total population of just about 200,000 The Omo tribes have a unique sense of beauty -- broken watch straps, gas pipes, bottle caps, plastic tubes, miscellaneous keys, and even a bicycle chain are fashion accessories Omo I. Exhibit Item. Friday, 01 November 2019 Black and white portrait photography is a simple aesthetic that can speak volumes. Their territory extends all the way to the Kenyan and Sudanese borders and also to Sudan itself. The river is the principal stream of an endorheic drainage basin, the Turkana Basin. Lake Tana's outflow then flows some 30 kilometres before plunging over the Tis Issat Falls. They depend on it to practice ‘flood retreat cultivation’ using the rich silt left along the river banks by the slowly receding waters. Discovered by: A team led by Richard Leakey. All Rights Reserved.By using this Web Site, you agree The Baro River is a river in southwestern Ethiopia, which defines part of Ethiopia's border with South Sudan. Anthropologists believe this was once an important trail for nomadic people and that … The Lower Omo Valley is a UNESCO World Heritage site, in recognition of its archaeological and geological importance. It flows south, bordering Ethiopia, then west through western Eritrea to reach the Sudanese plains near Kassala. From its source in the Ethiopian Highlands it flows west for 306 kilometres (190 mi) to join the Pibor River. The Angereb also known as the Bahr as-Salam is a river of Ethiopia and eastern Sudan, and one of the sources of the Nile. Its course is entirely contained within the boundaries of Ethiopia, and it empties into Lake Turkana on the border with Kenya. This stream, known as the Lesser Abay, flows north into Lake Tana. Omo River tribesmen with rifles Tribal warfare is a way of life in these regions, and cattle raids and killings are part of the initiation of any young man of good family. It flows south and west through mountain valleys it has cut and delivers water and mineral rich sediment onto the Lower Omo River Valley plains. 90,000 people live along the banks of the Omo River and depend on its natural cycle of seasonal floods to fertilise the soil. Most of Lake Turkana is in Kenya. Unlike the Setit or Takazze rivers, which flow out of Ethiopia and also forms a natural border with Eritrea, the waters of the Mareb do usually not reach the Nile but dissipate in the sands of the eastern Sudanese plains. Located on the west bank of the Omo River, the park covers approximately 4,068 square kilometers, about 870 kilometers southwest of Addis Ababa. The Baro River area, accessibly by land or air through the western Ethiopia town of Gambela, remains a place of adventure and challenge. Victoria Knobloch. The Karo dwell along the banks of the Omo River (according to oral tradition, they settled at the Omo after following a red bull there almost two centuries ago) and largely rely on the river’s annual flood for sustenance – much like the ancient Egyptians who lived along the Nile thousands of years ago. With little more than their extraordinary ways, the sights and the figures you’ll meet, the people of the Omo will ask for money each time you take a photo, or a bulk fee for taking photos. Since 1973, the river has proved a major attraction for white-water rafters. One of the earliest modern humans. Anthropologists believe this was once an important trail for nomadic people and that … Omo Kibish is the name of an archaeological site in Ethiopia, where was found the earliest examples of our own hominin species, about 195,000 years old. The Omo Valley in Ethiopia is one of Africa’s most fascinating regions of cultural diversity, with nearly two-dozen tribes sharing borders in a spectacular but often inhospitable environment. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. A voyage to the Omo Valley is a true expedition to encounter some of the most remarkable tribal peoples on Earth! Learn more about our Privacy Policy I Agree. Omo River, river in southwestern Ethiopia, eastern Africa. The Omo river meander for more than 600 km from the high mountains further north until it ends in Lake Turkana near the border to Kenya. The river is an important resource and without it the tribes and animals in Southern Ethiopia would not survive. The Omo River crossing was lovely, especially because we paired it with a community visit (please do it - it was one of our favorite experiences) - ask for Kali he is superb!!! The Mursi number about 5,000 and are primarily pastoralists categorized in the Nilo-Saharan language family. The Lower Omo Valley is one of the most fascinating regions in Ethiopia, and even the African continent, thanks to the cultural diversity of over a dozen tribes that coexist with varying degrees of peace. The Omo River runs through the valley and empties into Lake Turkana. It was named a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1980. Although there are several feeder streams that flow into Lake Tana, the sacred source of the river is generally considered to be a small spring at Gish Abbai, situated at an altitude of approximately 2,744 metres (9,003 ft). The lower Omo valley is rich in wildlife and was designated a … Omissions? The Mago National Park, is located on the eastern bank of the Omo river. Karo people in the Omo Valley - image by Oscar Espinosa Gondar Castle: This building is also called Fasilides Castle as it was built by Emperor Fasilides in the 17th century. The Shebelle river is 1130 kilometers long, extending for 1000 km inside Ethiopia and 130 km inside Somalia. The lower Omo valley is rich in wildlife and was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1980. Like notches on a gun belt, horseshoe-shaped scars on the upper arms of Mursi or Bodi warriors mark the number of their victims. In … Updates? The Lower Valley of the Omo River, Ethiopia. The canyon which it has created is the deepest in Africa and one of the deepest in the world, at some points having a depth of over 2000 meters (6,562 feet). It’s been said: “If Africa was the mother of all humanity then the Omo River acted as a main artery!” The Omo River. Which of these countries does have a river? One of the most recognisable and interesting of these tribes is the Mursi, a pastoral and nomadic community occupying land between the Mago and Omo rivers. It is the principal stream of an endorheic drainage basin covering parts of the Amhara, Oromia and Somali Regions, as well as the southern half of the Afar Region. Near Mogadishu, it turns sharply southwest, where it follows the coast. One of the earliest modern humans. The Tekeze River, is a major river of Ethiopia. The uncertainty over its length might partially result from the fact that it flows through a series of virtually impenetrable gorges cut in the Ethiopian Highlands to a depth of some 1,500 metres (4,900 ft) - a depth comparable to that of the Grand Canyon of the Colorado River in the United States. Year of Discovery: 1967-01-01. The lower part of the Omo Valley was in 1980 listed on the UNESCO World Heritage Site. It rises near Daqwa, north of Gondar in the Amhara Region, flowing west to join the Atbarah River. Site: Omo River, Ethiopia. The Tekeze River rises in the central Ethiopian Highlands near Mount Qachen within Lasta, from where it flows west, north, then west again, forming the westernmost border of Ethiopia and Eritrea from the confluence of the Tomsa with the Tekeze to the tri-point between the two countries and Sudan. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The Blue Nile Falls is situated near Tis-Abay town, 30 kms to the east of Bahir Dar, which is 20-30 minutes walk from the little town of Tiss Abey. The dam will put an end to the annual flood as well as deplete water levels in the river and in Lake Turkana. The names of the eight tribes in the Omo Valley are: Kara, Hamer, Mursi, Dassanech, Kwegu, Benna, and Arebore. Omo is one of several sites found within the ancient rock formation called Kibish, itself along the Lower Omo River at the base of the Nkalabong Range in southern Ethiopia. According to materials published by the Ethiopian Central Statistical Agency, the Awash River is 1200 kilometers long. The Mereb River (or Gash River), is a river flowing out of central Eritrea. Year of Discovery: 1967-01-01. The Omo river meander for more than 600 km from the high mountains further north until it ends in Lake Turkana near the border to Kenya. This article was most recently revised and updated by John P. Rafferty, Editor. The river is an important resource and without it the tribes and animals in Southern Ethiopia would not survive. The river's mean annual discharge at its mouth is 241 m³/s (8,510 ft³/s).[2]. Age: About 195,000 years old. Of these eight tribes, six live along the Omo River. Please note, some phrases translation could be wrong, Ethiopia - The Nile and The Renaissance Dam. 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