He was the son of King Gustav I of Sweden and his second wife Margaret Leijonhufvud. But this recognition was not without influence from John; Duke Karl received confirmation on his dukedom without the restrictions on his power that the Arboga articles imposed. John married his first wife, Catherine Jagellonica of Poland (1526–83), of the House of Jagiello, in Vilnius on 4 October 1562. 20 December 1537 – 17 November 1592) was King of Sweden from 1569 until his death. During the following years he successfully fought Russia in the Livonian War, concluded by the Treaty of Plussa in 1583, a war that meant a Swedish reconquest of Narva. He was the son of King Gustav I of Sweden and his second wife Margaret Leijonhufvud. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. O Rei João III, o mais instruídos dos Vasa, também versado em teologia, foi bastante influenciado por esta solução "intermediária". After being named duke of Finland by his father in 1556, John, the elder son of the second marriage of the Swedish king Gustav I Vasa, pursued a foreign policy independent of the crown, leading to a conflict with his half brother Erik XIV, king of Sweden from 1560. In 1581 nam hij aan ook de titel grootvorst van Finland. In 1572 Karin married again, as her first husband was executed for treason by Eric XIV in 1563, to a Lars Henrikson, whom John ennobled in 1576 to care for his issue with Karin. Corrections? Their children were: He married his second wife, Gunilla Bielke (1568–1592), on 21 February 1585; they had a son: With his mistress Karin Hansdotter (1532–1596) he had at least four illegitimate children: John cared for Karin and their children even after he married Catherine Jagellonica, in 1562. John III was an eager patron of art and architecture. Choose from 2 pictures in our John Iii Of Sweden collection for your Wall Art or Photo Gift. John III (Swedish: Johan III, Finnish: Juhana III) (20 December 1537 – 17 November 1592) was King of Sweden from 1568 until his death. He married Catherine of Poland (1526-1583) 4 October 1562 JL in Vilnius, Lithuania. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, https://www.britannica.com/biography/John-III-king-of-Sweden. He sought reconciliation between Rome and Wittenberg on the basis of the consensus of the first five centuries of Christianity. Personal tools. By 1580 he realized that a settlement with Rome was impossible but renewed his efforts to impose the “Red Book” over an opposition led chiefly by his brother, Charles. Check out John III of Sweden's haircuts throughout his career: John III of Sweden had various hairstyles during his lifetime. Life path number 3 January 26, 1763 – Charles XIV John of Sweden (d. 1844). John further initiated peace talks with Denmark and Lübeck to end the Scandinavian Seven Years' War, but rejected the resulting Treaties of Roskilde (1568) where his envoys had accepted far-reaching Danish demands. translation of JOHN III OF SWEDEN in Indonesian - see translations. Found 0 sentences matching phrase "John III of Sweden".Found in 4 ms. He was the son of King Gustav I of Sweden and his second wife Margaret Leijonhufvud. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. In 1581 he assumed also the title Grand Prince of Finland. John III, (born Dec. 21, 1537, Stegeborg Castle, Sweden—died Nov. 17, 1592, Stockholm), king of Sweden (1568–92), a deeply religious ruler who attempted to reconcile the Swedish Lutheran Church with the Catholic leadership in Rome and to revive discarded elements of the Catholic liturgy. The elder son of King John III Vasa of Sweden … After his release from prison, probably because of his brother's insanity (see Sture Murders), John again joined the opposition, deposed Eric and made himself the king. In 1581 he … He is sometimes known under the name Johan III Vasa. The fear of a possible liberation of the imprisoned king worried him to the point that in 1571 he ordered the guards to murder the captured king if there were any suspicion of an attempt to liberate him. He was the son of King Gustav I of Sweden and his second wife Margaret Leijonhufvud, he was also, quite autonomously, the ruler of Finland, as Duke John from 1556 to 1563. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. He was also, quite autonomously, the ruler of Finland, as Duke John from 1556 to 1563. WikiMatrix. translation of JOHN III OF SWEDEN in Icelandic - see translations. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. He was the son of King Gustav I of Sweden and his second wife Margaret Leijonhufvud. He married Gunilla Bjelke … Omissions? , Finnish language: Juhana III. This set the stage for his promulgation of the Swedish-Latin Red Book, which reintroduced several Catholic customs and resulted in the Liturgical Struggle, which was not to end for twenty years. Updates? However, John himself was a learned follower of the mediating theologian George Cassander. John was violent, hot tempered and greatly suspicious. John III (Swedish language: Johan III , Finnish language: Juhana III. King of Sweden, KIng of Sweden, Konung av Sverige, kung av Sverige 1568 - 1592, riksföreståndre, hertig av Finland, konung, Kung, Kung av Sverige 1568-1592, Hertig i SV Finland 1556 (Åbo), Kung i Sverige 1569-92, Kung S 1568-1592, Kung 1569-, King. The Swedish king was specially known for his unique looks and his adorable personality. Be warned. King John III of Sweden would have been 54 years old at the time of death or 477 years old today. translation of JOHN III OF SWEDEN in Italian - see translations. Contents; Person:John III of Sweden (1) King John III of Sweden, the most learned of the Vasas, and somewhat of a theological expert, was largely influenced by these middle views. John III (Swedish: Johan III, Finnish: Juhana III) (20 December 1537 – 17 November 1592) was King of Sweden from 1568 until his death. The most significant facts about John III of Sweden in interactive timeline full of images, videos, and quotations Sigismund III Vasa, king of Poland (1587–1632) and of Sweden (1592–99) who sought to effect a permanent union of Poland and Sweden but instead created hostile relations and wars between the two states lasting until 1660. John III of Sweden: John III was King of Sweden from 1568 until his death. Showing page 1. en The Catholic-inclined liturgy of King John III of Sweden (1537–1592) was also rejected. 1573 munten van koning Jan III van Zweden, gisteren in Finland gevonden Simplex+... Uitgegeven door Hannu Martikainen ... Nokta Makro Simplex Succesverhaal In January 1569, John was recognized as king by the same riksdag that forced Eric XIV off the throne. John was still concerned about his position as king as long as Eric was alive. John III (Swedish: Johan III, Finnish: Juhana III) (20 December 1537 – 17 November 1592) was King of Sweden from 1568 until his death. He was the son of King Gustav I of Sweden and his second wife Margaret Leijonhufvud. John III, (born Dec. 21, 1537, Stegeborg Castle, Sweden—died Nov. 17, 1592, Stockholm), king of Sweden (1568–92), a deeply religious ruler who attempted to reconcile the Swedish Lutheran Church with the Catholic leadership in Rome and to revive discarded elements of the Catholic liturgy. en In 1582, King John III of Sweden added "Grand Duke of Finland" to the subsidiary titles of the Swedish kings, but without any political consequences, as Finland was already a part of the Swedish realm. He introduced a liturgy of his own in 1577, the “Red Book,” which restored some of the Catholic liturgical usages that had been swept away in the triumph of Lutheranism in Sweden. John III (Swedish: Johan III, Finnish: Juhana III) was King of Sweden from 1568 until his death. János svéd király (hu); Jóhann 3. In 1581 he assumed also the title Grand Prince of Finland. Erik limited John’s authority and imprisoned him in 1563 after the Duke had acquired a base in Poland by marrying Catherine (1562), sister of Sigismund II Augustus of Poland. As a whole his foreign policy was affected by his connection to Poland of which country his son Sigismund III Vasa was made king in 1587. He was also, quite autonomously, the ruler of Finland, as Duke John … It is possible that this is how Eric died in 1577. John III of Sweden or Johan III of the Royal House of Vasa, was the king of Sweden (1568–1592). In 1581 he assumed also the title Grand Prince of Finland. The nobilities' power and rights were extended and their responsibilities lessened. Life path number 2 December 24, 1166 – John, King of England (d. 1216). Johan III of Sweden, King of Sweden, Duke of Finland, Grand Prince of Finland, was born 21 December 1537 in Stegeborg, Sweden to Gustav I of Sweden (1496-1560) and Margaret Eriksdotter Leijonhufvud (1514-1551) and died 27 November 1592 inStockholm, Sweden of unspecified causes. The combination of Eric's developing mental disorder and his opposition to the aristocracy led to the Sture Murders in 1567 and the imprisonment of his brother John (III), who was married to Catherine Jagiellon, sister of King Sigismund II of Poland. He was the son of King Gustav I of Sweden and his second wife Margaret Leijonhufvud. John III John III portraited by Dutch artist Johan Baptista van Uther in 1582. John approved the publication of the Lutheran Swedish Church Order of Archbishop Laurentius Petri in 1571 but also got the church to approve an addendum to the church order in 1575, Nova ordinantia ecclesiastica that displayed a return to patristic sources. John III ( Zweeds: Johan III, Fins: Juhana III, 20 december 1537 - 17 november 1592) was Koning van Zweden van 1569 tot aan zijn dood. Juan III de Suecia (es); III. He was the son of King Gustav I of Sweden and his second wife Margaret Leijonhufvud.He was also, quite autonomously, the ruler of Finland, as Duke John from 1556 to 1563. He soon ended Sweden’s long war against Denmark by signing the Treaty of Stettin (1570), in which he formally renounced Sweden’s Estonian acquisitions, though he actually intended to keep them; the territories were largely regained by the end of his reign. In 1586 John nominated his son Sigismund, who had been brought up as a Catholic, for the vacant Polish throne but withdrew his sponsorship when the Poles demanded the return of Estonia as a condition of Sigismund’s accession. "John III of Sweden" published on by Oxford University Press. In 1581 he assumed also the title the Grand Duke of Finland. John III of Sweden. Translation memories are created by human, but computer aligned, which might cause mistakes. The Swedish nobility, however, who controlled the state council, supported Sigismund’s candidacy, seeing the link with Poland as an aid against Russia and the prospect of an absentee ruler as a way of enhancing their own power. He was the son of King Gustav I of Sweden and his second wife Margaret Leijonhufvud.He was also, quite autonomously, the ruler of Finland, as Duke John from 1556 to 1563. After his release in 1567, John joined with his younger brother, the future Charles IX of Sweden, in 1568 to overthrow Erik and secure the throne for himself. King John III of Sweden was born on December 20, 1537 and died on November 17, 1592. John III was King of Sweden from 1568 until his death. John III of Sweden has appeared in the following books: Historien om Sverige. Life path number 8 September 13, 1087 – John II Komnenos, Byzantine emperor (d. 1143). All professionally made for quick delivery. They come from many sources and are not checked. She was the sister of king Sigismund II Augustus of Poland. He sought to enlist the help of the papacy in gaining release of his wife's family assets, which were frozen in Naples. Johan III Vasa, King of Sweden. John III (Swedish: Johan III, Finnish: Juhana III; 20 December 1537 – 17 November 1592) was King of Sweden from 1569 until his death. In 1575, he gave his permission for the remaining Catholic convents in Sweden to start receiving novices again. He was also, quite autonomously, … He was the son of King Gustav I of Sweden and his second wife Margaret Leijonhufvud. add example. King of Sweden Reign 30 September 1568 – 17 November 1592 ( 10000000000000024 Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). He was also, quite autonomously, the ruler of Finland, as Duke John from 1556 to 1563. As a Duke of Finland, he opposed his half-brother Eric XIV of Sweden (1560–68) and was imprisoned in 1563. John and Charles, who had contested his brother’s religious policy, became reconciled in common opposition to the nobles’ aspirations, but Sigismund nevertheless assumed the Polish throne in 1587. In Sweden, she is known as Katarina Jagellonica. John III (Swedish: Johan III, Finnish: Juhana III) (20 December 1537 – 17 November 1592) was King of Sweden from 1568 until his death. King Johan III and Erik Gustafsson Stenbock, Erik Gustafsson Stenbock, 1538-1602, painting, John III of Sweden, Oil on canvas, Height, 84 cm (33 inches), Width, 73 cm (28.7 inches), Reimagined by Gibon, design of warm cheerful glowing of brightness and light rays radiance. In 1580, John married her to Pontus de la Gardie. Last Updated: Dec 17, 2020 See Article History. He was also the ruler of Finland as Duke John or Hertig Johan (1556–1563). Articles containing Swedish-language text, Articles containing Finnish-language text, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, Candidates for the Polish elective throne, Encyclopedia of Martin Luther and the Reformation, Volume 2, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/John_III_of_Sweden?oldid=5275159, mediating between Lutheranism and Catholicism. Jump to navigation Jump to search. His mother was Margaret Leijonhufvud (1514–51), a Swedish noblewoman. John III (Johan III, Juhana III; 20 December 1537 – 17 November 1592) was King of Sweden from 1569 until his death. In domestic politics John showed clear Catholic sympathies, inspired by his Polish wife, a fact that created frictions to the Swedish clergy and nobility. His important ally was his maternal uncle Sten Leijonhufvud, who at deathbed was made Count of Raseborg. He got Karin a husband who would care for her and the children: in 1561, she married nobleman Klas Andersson (Västgöte), a friend and servant of John. In 1581 he assumed also the title Grand Prince of Finland. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Shortly after this John executed his brother's most trusted counsellor, Jöran Persson, whom he held largely responsible for his harsh treatment while in prison. He was also, quite autonomously, … Example sentences with "John III of Sweden", translation memory. John Iii Of Sweden Gallery Available as Framed Prints, Photos, Wall Art and Gift Items. Popular choices include Framed Prints, Canvas Prints, Posters and Jigsaw Puzzles. An expert theologian, John believed in the possibility of a synthesis of Lutheranism and Roman Catholicism and negotiated to that end with Catholic leaders in Rome and Spain. fr La liturgie de tendance catholique du roi Jean III de Suède (1537–1592) fut également rejetée. They had a daughter named Brita. His first wife was Catherine Jagellonica of the Polish-Lithuanian ruling family, and their son Sigismund eventually ascended both the Polish-Lithuanian and Swedish thrones. John III (1537-1592), in Swedish Johan III, was King of Sweden 1569-1592. After two more years of fighting, this war was concluded without many Swedish concessions in the Treaty of Stettin (1570). She later died giving birth to Jacob De la Gardie. John III (, ) (20 December 1537 – 17 November 1592) was King of Sweden from 1568 until his death. Hij was de zoon van koning Gustav I van Zweden en zijn tweede vrouw Margaret Leijonhufvud.Hij was ook, heel autonoom, de heerser van Finland, zoals Hertog Jan van 1556 tot 1563. "John III (Swedish: Johan III, Finnish: Juhana III; 20 December 1537 – 17 November 1592) was King of Sweden from 1569 until his death. He was the son of King Gustav I of Sweden and his second wife Margaret Leijonhufvud. December 20, 1537 – John III of Sweden (d. 1592). John III (Swedish language: Johan III 56 likes. John III ( Swedish: Johan III, Finnish: Juhana III) (20 December 1537 – 17 November 1592) was King of Sweden from 1568 until his death. Sign in; Create account; Donate; Volunteer; Help . From time to time he was also at odds theologically with his younger brother Duke Charles of Sudermannia (afterwards Charles IX of Sweden), who had Calvinist sympathies, and did not promote King John's Liturgy in his duchy. He continued supporting Karin and his illegitimate children as king, from 1568. He also allowed Jesuits to secretly staff the Royal Theological College in Stockholm. Before his tragic demise at age 55 he was again and again talked about in the press because of his fine hairstyles. The same year, he made his daughter Sofia a lady in the castle, as a servant to his sister Princess Elizabeth of Sweden. John III claimed that he had liberated Sweden from the "tyrant" Eric XIV, just as his father had claimed that he had liberated Sweden from the "bloodhound" Christian II. He was also, quite autonomously, the ruler of Finland, as Duke John from 1556 to 1563. He was also, quite autonomously, the ruler of Finland, as Duke John from 1556 to 1563. He was the second son of Gustav Vasa (1523–60). Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Image of King John on a wall of Stockholm Palace. That this is how Eric died in 1577 married Catherine of Poland, 2020 see article History was without. 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