Fandom Apps Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. TREASURE Members Profile and Facts TREASURE (트레저), previously known as TREASURE 13) is made of the members from the survival show YG Treasure Box. The lost Spanish treasure fleet of 1715. Last week was a … (The merchants) take with them their wives and concubines. Many, such as the Nuestra Señora de Atocha , and the Santa Margarita have been salvaged . [1] Historians such as Edward L. Dreyer are in broad agreement with Needham's views. The Blue Marlin – A medium sized vessel with bright blue sails. These reforms, designed to halt Spain's decline and increase tax revenue, brought about a series of changes to the fleet system throughout the 18th century. Many pirates, however, saw their ships mainly as tools, and made no effort to customize the vessel’s names. Tattered sails and a … The current position of TREASURE is at China Coast (coordinates 24.90351 N / 120.45636 E) reported 3 days ago by AIS. After loading was complete, both fleets sailed for Havana, Cuba, to rendezvous for the journey back to Spain. The main procedures were established after the recommendations of Pedro Menéndez de Avilés, an experienced admiral and personal adviser of King Philip II. [33], Wrecks of Spanish treasure ships, whether sunk in naval combat or by storms (those of 1622, 1715, 1733 and 1750[34] being among the worst), are a prime target for modern treasure hunters. [29] From the Spanish ports of Seville or Cádiz, the two fleets bound for the Americas sailed together down the coast of Africa, and stopped at the Spanish territory of the Canary Islands for provisions before the voyage across the Atlantic. And this was on 26 Muharram in the year 822 [March 19, 1419]. Valuable cargo from the Americas, most significantly silver from Mexico and Peru, were sent back to Spain. [1][2], The West Indies fleet was the first permanent transatlantic trade route in history. D&D Beyond [6] The Spanish government created a system of convoys in the 1560s in response to the sacking of Havana by French privateers. [21] Philip V began the reforms by sending investigators to report on conditions in Spanish America, who brought back evidence of fraud. His Majesty, the Sultan al-Malik al-Nāsiṛ’s in the Protected Dār al-Jund send the victorious al-Mahaṭṭa to accept the brilliant gifts of the ruler of China. This name generator will generate 10 random names fit for pirate ships. If sailing is more of a recreational activity for you, then ship names might be a bit looser with the rites. Arrrr! [37] However, the copy was still under construction in Nanjing in 2010. Little of the wealth stayed in Spain. Here we discuss famous pirate ships and list the cool and funny pirate ship names. He reinvented the benefits of the Canarian-American trade in his estates, mainly destined to the cultivation of the vine of malvasía and vidueño, whose products (mainly the one of vidueño) were sent to America. Salvage workers recovered items from the sunken ship over more than 10 years. The most popular color? Information. The 1419 arrival is described thus: Arrival of Dragon-ships [marākib al-zank] in the protected harbour city [of Aden] and with them the messengers of the ruler of China with brilliant gifts for his Majesty, the Sultan al-Malik al-Nāsir in the month of l’Hijja in the year 821 [January 1419]. Evans was also chief scientist on the mission that first located some of the ship’s sunken treasure in the 1980s. [38] A new date of completion was set for 2013;[39] when this dateline failed to be met in 2014, the project was put on hold indefinitely. [3] Xin Yuan'ou, a shipbuilding engineer and professor of the history of science at Shanghai Jiao Tong University, argues on engineering grounds that it is highly unlikely that Zheng He’s treasure ships were 450 ft long, and suggests that they were probably closer to 200–250 ft (61–76 m) in length. They are not pitched with pitch, because they have none of it in those regions, but they oil them in such a way as I shall tell you, because they have another thing which seems to them to be better than pitch. [30], A 71.1-metre (233.3 ft) copy of a treasure ship was announced in 2006 to be completed in time for the 2008 Olympic Games. Treasure ships also used floating anchors cast off the sides of the ship in order to increase stability. [39] The remains of the Urca de Lima from the 1715 fleet and the San Pedro from the 1733 fleet, after being found by treasure hunters, are now protected as Florida Underwater Archaeological Preserves.[40]. A treasure ship sunk in battle more than 300 years ago has been discovered, according to the Colombian government. History’s most famous pirate (real name: Edward Teach) is thought to have served as a British privateer during the War … Walton[44] gives the following figures in pesos. Temporary British seizures of Havana and Manila (1762–4), during the Seven Years' War, were dealt with by using a larger number of smaller fleets visiting a greater variety of ports. [40], Large wooden vessel commanded by the Chinese admiral Zheng He, "Baochuan" redirects here. A hurricane strikes the east coast of Florida, sinking 10 Spanish treasure ships and killing nearly 1,000 people, on July 31, 1715. Of the remaining 1.5 billion 650 million went directly to Asia from Acapulco and 850 million remained in the Western Hemisphere. In this period he was the owner and captain of the frigate El Ave María y Las Ánimas, a ship with which he sailed from the port of Santa Cruz de Tenerife to that of Havana. Similarly, the Manila galleons were the first permanent trade route across the Pacific. All of the gold and silver And they travelled in the company of Qādi Wajīh al-Dīn ʿAbd al-Rahman b. Jumay out of the sheltered harbour of Aden in the month of Safar of the year 822 [March 1419].[9]. It’s estimated that, beneath Earth’s waters, 3 million undiscovered shipwrecks exist. [13], Spain became the richest country in Europe by the end of the 16th century. Unlike a typical fuchuan warship, the treasure ships had nine staggered masts and twelve square sails, increasing its speed. The ship's location: is 24° 55.491' north, 80° 30.891' west. [8] A secondary route was that of the Manila Galleons or Galeón de Manila which linked the Philippines to Acapulco in Mexico across the Pacific Ocean. [30][31], One explanation for the colossal size of the 44 largest Zhang treasure ships, if in fact built, was that they were only for a display of imperial power by the emperor and imperial bureaucrats on the Yangtze River when on court business, including when reviewing Zheng He's actual expedition fleet. [4], According to the Guoque [zh] (1658), the first voyage consisted of 63 treasure ships crewed by 27,870 men. Blackbeard’s Treasure. [30] However, in Mexico in 1635, there was an increase of the sales tax levied to finance the fleet, the Armada de Barlovento. If you don’t like any ship, that’s fine! [12], Although active prior to the treasure voyages, both Marco Polo (1254–1325) and Ibn Battuta (1304–1369) attest to large multi-masted ships carrying 500 to 1000 passengers in Chinese waters. In general, two fleets of between 30 and 90 vessels sailed from Sevilla (Seville) to the American colonies each year: the flota left in the spring for Vera Cruz, in what is now Mexico, detaching ships in the West Indies and at Honduras on the way; the galeones, or Tierra Firme fleet, left in August for Cartagena, in present Colombia, and Porto Bello (now Portobelo), on the Atlantic coast of Panama. The most contemporary non-Chinese record of the expeditions is an untitled and anonymous annalistic account of the then-ruling Rasūlid dynasty of Yemen, compiled in the years 1439-1440. When the ships cast anchor, the sails are left standing in the wind...These vessels are nowhere made except in the city of Zaytong (Quanzhou) in China, or at Sin-Kilan, which is the same as Sin al-Sin (Guangdong).This is the manner after which they are made; two (parallel) walls of very thick wooden (planking) are raised, and across the space between them are placed very thick planks (the bulkheads) secured longitudinally and transversely by means of large nails, each three ells in length. You guessed it: silver. Drilling games often feature some kind of treasure. Of the 4 billion pesos produced, 2.5 billion was shipped to Europe, of which 500 million was shipped around Africa to Asia. Feel free to comment down below. Fictional. It was a splendid present consisting of all manner of rarities [tuhaf], splendid Chinese silk cloth woven with gold [al-thiyāb al-kamkhāt al-mudhahhabah], top quality musk, storax [al-ʾūd al-ratḅ] and many kinds of chinaware vessels, the present being valued at twenty thousand Chinese mithqāl [93.6 kg gold]. Book trivia question: What is the name of the ship in R.L.Stevenson's Treasure Island? Ship and Boat Name Generator. [27] None of these attacks took place in open seas. D&D Beyond French pirates established themselves in Saint-Domingue in 1625, were expelled, only to return later, and the Dutch occupied Curaçao in 1634. The ship was wrecked on Mouse Island, in the Gulf of Saint Lawrence with the loss of 241 of the 273 people on board. Some resorted to contraband to transport their cargoes untaxed. The Spanish West and East Indies fleets must be counted as among the most successful naval operations in history[3][4] and from a commercial point of view made possible many key components of today's global economic system. The flow of precious metals in and out of Spain stimulated the European economy as a whole.[15]. And with this thing they smear their ships, and this is worth quite as much as pitch.Moreover I tell you that these ships want some 300 sailors, some 200, some 150, some more, some fewer, according as the ships are larger and smaller.They also carry a much greater burden than ours. Note: This is just for fun. Sure enough, the treasure ship met four English warships off the coast of Colombia. Some accounts suggest that treasure ships may have first appeared as early as the Song dynasty (960… As a single tree trunk would not be large enough in diameter to support such mast, multiple timbers would need to be combined at the base as well. [7] The Jinghai Temple inscription gave the ship dimensions in 1409 as 1500 liao (375 tons). However the common Ming value for chi was 12.2 inches and the value fluctuated depending on region. Assuming a range of 10.5 to 12 inches for each chi, the dimensions of the treasure ships as recorded by the History of Ming would have been between 385 by 157.5 feet and 440 by 180 feet (117.5 by 48 metres, and 134 by 55 metres). [20], According to Luo Maodeng [zh]'s novel Sanbao Taijian Xia Xiyang Ji Tongsu Yanyi (1597), the treasure fleet consisted of several distinct classes of ships:[17], Edward L. Dreyer claims that Luo Maodeng's novel is unsuitable as historical evidence. Any ship with a code name has to be worth a pretty penny. A report came from Mecca the Honored that a number of junks had come from China to the seaports of India, and two of them had anchored in the port of Aden, but their goods, chinaware, silk, musk, and the like, were not disposed of there because of the disorder of the state of Yemen. [26] The West Indies fleet was destroyed in the Battle of Vigo Bay in 1702 during the War of the Spanish Succession, when it was surprised in port unloading its goods, but the Spanish sailors had already unloaded most of its cargo. It was accompanied by the Qādi Wajīh al-Dīn ʿAbd al-Rahman b. Jumay. The year is 1715, and all of Europe has been… [15], People sail on the China seas only in Chinese ships, so let us mention the order observed upon them.There are three kinds: the greatest is called 'jonouq', or, in the singular, 'jonq' (certainly chuan); the middling sized is a 'zaw' (probably sao); and the least a 'kakam'.A single one of the greater ships carries 12 sails, and the smaller ones only three. The convoys were general purpose cargo fleets used for transporting a wide variety of items, including agricultural goods, lumber, various metal resources such as silver and gold, gems, pearls, spices, sugar, tobacco, silk, and other exotic goods from the overseas territories of the Spanish Empire to the Spanish mainland. [5], The History of Ming (1739) credits the first voyage with 62 treasure ships crewed by 27,800 men. Of the 2 million pesos reaching the Dutch Republic in that year, 75% went to the Baltic for naval stores and 25% went to Asia. [16] As a consequence, the Crown was forced to delay the payment of some major debts, which had negative consequences for its creditors, mostly foreign bankers. [38], The wreck of the cargo ship Encarnación, part of the Tierra Firme fleet, was discovered in 2011 with much of its cargo still aboard and part of its hull intact. Pirates with gold or silver tended to spend it quickly when in port. Her captain was subsequently found guilty of wilfully wrecking the ship and was sentenced to death. John R. Fisher, "Fleet System (Flota)" in, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, Timothy R Walton,"The Spanish Tresure Fleets",1994, Florida Underwater Archaeological Preserves, "Power, Corruption, and Commerce: The Making of the Local Administrative Structure in Seventeenth-Century Buenos Aires", "Inns, mules, and hardtack for the voyage: the local economy of the Manila Galleon in Mexico", "1733 Spanish Galleon Trail – Plate Fleets", "1733 Spanish Galleon Trail – Fleet of 1733", "N.C Supreme Court revives lawsuit over Blackbeard's ship and lost Spanish treasure ship", "North Carolina Shipwrecks: The Spanish Galleons ~ 18 August 1750", "Rare Spanish Shipwreck From 17th Century Uncovered Off Panama", "The Spanish Treasure Fleets of 1715 and 1733: Disasters Strike at Sea", "300-Year-Old Spanish Shipwreck Holds Million Dollar Treasure", Attack of the Tierra Firma Fleet of 1708. [24] Louise Levathes estimating that it had a maximum size of 110–124 m (390–408 feet) long and 49–51 m (160–166 feet) wide instead, taking 1 chi as 10.53-11.037 inches. While literally millions of ships of all shapes and sizes have been built over the centuries, only a handful have achieved anything approaching fame. For other ships, such as the pirate ship Merry Christmas, not so much.Some pirate ships carried names such as the Holy Trinity or the Rose Pink. Afterward, divers recovered most of the treasure aboard. Zheng He made one more voyage during the reign of Hongxi's son, the Xuande Emperor (r. 1426–1435) but, the voyages of the Chinese treasure ship fleets then ended. By 1690 some of these creditors could no longer offer financial support to the Crown. [18], On 1 March 1404, 50 "seagoing ships" were ordered from the Capital Guards. [4] Xin’s main reasons for concluding that the ships could not have been this size are: From the comments of modern scholars on Medieval Chinese accounts and reports, it is apparent that a ship had a natural limit to her size, going beyond, would have made her structurally unsafe as well as causing a considerable loss of manoeuvrability, something the Spanish Armada ships famously experienced. When he arrives at the guesthouse where he is to stay, they set up their lances on each side of the gate, and mount guard throughout his visit.Among the inhabitants of China there are those who own numerous ships, on which they send their agents to foreign places. [28] These losses and others due to hurricanes were significant economic blows to trade. And even nowadays, when you pick a name for a new ship, the naming ceremony is exact and complex, so that no unfortunate event would befall the seafarer on its maiden trip. Some of the ships in the treasure fleet, but not the treasure ships, were built in Fujian, where the chi was 10.4 to 11 inches. Pirate ship name generator . The group debuted on August 7th, 2020. According to British scientist, historian and sinologist Joseph Needham, the dimensions of the largest of these ships were 135 metres (440 ft) by 55 metres (180 ft). Three men died during the storm. 1.5 million was shipped from Portugal to Asia. Most of the New World production was silver but Colombia produced mostly gold. Looking for a random name for a yatch, ship or boat? Watertight compartments were also used to add strength to the treasure ships. The sails of these vessels are made of strips of bamboo, woven into the form of matting. No evidence that China had the type of joining materials necessary to accomplish these tasks. Mamluk historian Ibn Taghribirdi (1411-1470) writes: Shawwāl 22 [21 June A.D. 1432]. [17] The Spanish monopoly over its West and East Indies colonies lasted for over two centuries. In the case of the Manila galleons, only four were ever captured by British warships in nearly three centuries: the Santa Anna by Thomas Cavendish in 1589, the Encarnación by Woodes Rogers in 1709, the Covadonga by George Anson in 1743, and the Santísima Trinidad in 1762. Some jurisdictions legally define what constitutes treasure, such as in the British Treasure Act 1996.. Photos of vessel WEST TREASURE (MMSI: 371290000) uploaded by the MarineTraffic community made by midgehitsthrice (Credit to IZ*ONE for the original idea) Related: TXT Profile What is your favorite TXT ship? [21] In 1739 during the War of Jenkin's Ear,[21] the British Admirals Francis Hosier and later Edward Vernon blockaded Portobello in an attempt to prevent the return sailing of the treasure fleet, but in 1741 Vernon's campaign against Cartagena de Indias ended in defeat, with heavy losses of men and ships. Enjoy! However, treasure ships were considered luxury ships rather than warships. Numbering just 17 ships in 1550, the fleets expanded to more than 50 much larger vessels by the end of the century. [22], The contemporary inscription of Zheng He's ships in the Jinghai temple 靜海寺 inscription in Nanjing gives sizes of 2,000 liao (500 tons) and 1,500 liao (275 tons),[6] which are far too low than would be implied by a ship of 444 chi (450 ft). [10], Niccolò de' Conti (c. 1395–1469), a contemporary of Zheng He, was also an eyewitness of Chinese ships in Southeast Asia, claiming to have seen five-masted junks of about 2000 tons* burthen:[11], They doe make bigger Shippes than wee do, that is to say, of 2000 tons, with five sayles, and so many mastes'. By law, the colonies could trade only with the one designated port in the mother country, Seville. Konstam, Angus and Cordingly, Daviv (2002). Incredibly, the largest ships in the fleet (called " baoshan ," or "treasure ships") were likely between 440 and 538 feet long by 210 feet wide. [18] However, the growth in trade was strong in the early years. Obviously, for many of us, there’s just something about shipwrecks—maybe the history or the treasure or the mystery—that we find fascinating. [9][7] To better defend this trade, Pedro Menéndez de Avilés and Álvaro de Bazán designed the definitive model of the galleon in the 1550s. Despite the general perception that many Spanish galleons were captured by foreign privateers, few fleets were actually lost to enemies in the course of the flota's two and a half centuries of operation. However, there is debate amongst scholars about how these records should be interpreted. The sailors never lower them (while sailing, but simply) change the direction of them according to whether the wind is blowing from one side or the other. The largest ships of Zheng He's fleet were the 6 masted 2000-liao ships. The 4-decked baoshan had an estimated displacement of 20-30,000 tons, roughly 1/3 to 1/2 the displacement of modern American aircraft carriers. And then the sailors find out where the ship is staved, and then the hold which answers to the break is emptied into others, for the water cannot pass from one hold to another, so strongly are they shut in; and then they repair the ship there, and put back there the goods which had been taken out.They are indeed nailed in such a way; for they are all lined, that is, that they have two boards above the other.And the boards of the ship, inside and outside, are thus fitted together, that is, they are, in the common speech of our sailors, caulked both outside and inside, and they are well nailed inside and outside with iron pins. This is the only contemporary account containing references to both treasure ships and a specific place of construction. The main one was the Caribbean Spanish West Indies fleet or Flota de Indias, which departed in two convoys from Seville, where the Casa de Contratación was based, bound for ports such as Veracruz, Portobelo and Cartagena before making a rendezvous at Havana in order to return together to Spain. The Yangtze River, with its calmer waters, may have been navigable for such large but unseaworthy ships. The Spanish treasure fleet, or West Indies Fleet Spanish: Flota de Indias (also called silver fleet or plate fleet; from the Spanish: plata meaning "silver"), was a convoy system of sea routes organized by the Spanish Empire from 1566 to 1790, which linked Spain with its territories in the Americas across the Atlantic. The group consists of: Choi Hyunsuk, Jihoon, Yoshi, Junkyu, Mashiho, Yoon Jaehyuk, Asahi, Bang Yedam, Haruto, Doyoung, Park Jeongwoo, and So Junghwan. [8], There are no sources for number of ships or men for the fifth and sixth voyages. 3. Pirate ships come in all sorts of shapes and sizes, from giant vessels of hundreds of pirates, to tiny vessels with just a small crew. [35], The keel consisted of wooden beams bound together with iron hoops. It is used as a scouting ship for larger battalions of ships. [22] These dimensions first appeared in a novel published in 1597, more than a century and a half after Zheng He's voyages. It reports the arrival of Chinese ships in 1419, 1423, and 1432, which approximately correspond to Zheng He's fifth, sixth, and seventh voyages. The most common 1715 fleet material is metal. The crown legally took one fifth (quinto real) at the source and obtained more through other taxes. Note: This is just for fun. The Nuestra Senora de las Mercedes, a Spanish ship laden with gold and silver treasure from South America that … Members and cargo popular theme with puzzle games like matching and temple themed games vessels. Amazing thing about this treasure fleet is that about half of the world. 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